Origami is the art of Japanese origin consisting of folding paper without using scissors or glue to obtain figures of various shapes, many of which could be considered as paper sculptures.
According to the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, this art is called origami or cocotology, although in advance of the twenty-third edition of the work it recommends the first term.
However, these terms are not very widespread outside of Spain, other Spanish-speaking countries still use the Japanese term to refer to the folding of paper for religious purposes or related to Zen culture, and the term “origami” for the same action with a leisure or entertainment purpose.
The particularity of this technique is the transformation of the paper into shapes of different sizes starting from a square or rectangular initial base that can range from simple models to highly complex folds.
In origami, the environment that surrounds us and in which we live is modeled: Fauna and flora from all continents, urban life, tools of our daily life, mythological animals and countless other figures.
Origami began with paper and has developed very rapidly from the late 1960s to the present day.
According to Lafosse we are at the most important historical moment in the history of origami.
New design techniques have been discovered and popularized, which have spread thanks to the Internet and origami associations around the world.
The incorporation of mathematics is a new topic, previously not considered, that has gained strength in the last 30 years.
Computation from the 90’s has allowed optimizations of the use of paper and new bases for complex figures such as insects.